Gaza, Theodore of

(ca. 1415-ca. 1476)
   Greek humanist and author. Born and educated at Constantinople, Gaza favored the union of the Latin and Greek churches negotiated at the Council of Ferrara-Florence and in 1440 emigrated to Italy, where he found employment as a Greek copyist at Milan and then as an assistant teacher at the school of Vittorino da Feltre in Mantua. In this period he worked to acquire fluency in Latin, the international language of learning in Western Europe. In 1446 he became teacher of Greek at the University of Ferrara and also studied medicine there. The emigré Greek scholar and cardinal Johannes Bessarion helped him win the patronage of Pope Nicholas V, who hoped to sponsor the translation of all of Greek literature into Latin. After the pope's death in 1455, Gaza continued working as a translator, at Rome under the patronage of Bessarion and then at the court of the King of Naples, Alfonso I. His most important work as a translator was his new version of works of Aristotle, especially the zoological treatises, and of Aristotle's pupil Theophrastus.
   Renaissance humanists dissatisfied with the inelegant and sometimes mistranslated medieval versions of Aristotle hailed his new translations and agitated for their use in place of the traditional ones, since they were prepared directly from the Greek. Also important was Gaza's grammar of the Greek language (first printed at Venice in 1495). The Dutch humanist Erasmus regarded this as the best Greek grammar available and published his own translation of the first two books into Latin (1516). In the philosophical controversies of the later 15th century, Gaza supported the platonizing interpretation of Aristotle put forward by his patron Bessarion against the defense of medieval Aristotelianism by his fellow Greek exile George of Trebizond. Gaza also translated several ancient Latin authors, notably Caesar and Cicero, into Greek, and wrote several treatises, letters, and orations in both Greek and Latin.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Theodore de Gaza — Théodore de Gaza Théodore de Gaza (latin : Theodori Gazae), (v. 1400 † 1478) est un traducteur, philosophe et grammairien grec du XVe siècle. Né à Thessalonique vers 1400, il enseigne d abord à Constantinople qui n est pas encore aux… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theodore of Gaza — • A fifteenth century Greek Humanist and translator of Aristotle Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Theodore of Gaza     Theodore of Gaza      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Theodore of Gaza — (Theodore Gazes, in Greek). Byzantine scholar and translator (ca. 1400 1475) who was among the first wave of genuine Byzantine humanists (including Manuel Chrysoloras, Bessarion, and Plethon [qq.v.]) to influence the 15th century Italian… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Théodore Gaza — Theodorus Gaza Θεόδωρος Γαζής Portrait de Théodore Gaza. Nom de naissance Theodorus Gaza Activités …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gaza — This article is about the city. For the territory, see Gaza Strip. For other uses, see Gaza (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Giza. Gaza Other transcription(s)  – Arabic غزة  – Also spelled Ghazzah (official) Gaza …   Wikipedia

  • Historia de Gaza — Gaza en 2007. La historia de Gaza abarca 4.000 años durante los cuales esta ciudad fue gobernada y habitada por varias dinastías, imperios y pueblos.[1] Originalmente un asentamiento cananeo, cayó bajo control de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Theodorus Gaza — or Theodore Gazis (c. 1400 ndash; 1475), a Greek humanist and translator of Aristotle, one of the Greek scholars who were the leaders of the revival of learning in the 15th century. He was born at Thessalonica.LifeOn the capture of his native… …   Wikipedia

  • Monastères de la région de Gaza — La région de Gaza voit fleurir, à partir du milieu du IVe s., des sites monastiques chrétiens qui sont relativement bien documentés par la littérature de l époque aussi bien que par l investigation archéologique contemporaine. La présente page… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gran Mezquita de Gaza — Gran Mezquita Omari …   Wikipedia Español

  • Philosophy (The) of the Italian Renaissance — The philosophy of the Italian Renaissance Jill Kraye TWO CULTURES: SCHOLASTICISM AND HUMANISM IN THE EARLY RENAISSANCE Two movements exerted a profound influence on the philosophy of the Italian Renaissance: scholasticism and humanism, both of… …   History of philosophy

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.