Góngora y Argote, Luis de

   One of the major poets of the Golden Age of Spanish literature. His early education was with the Jesuits, and at Salamanca he secured broad classical education but failed to earn a degree because of his disorderly life-style. His father than secured him a benefice in the cathedral at Córdoba. Although his bishop accused him of drunkenness and neglect of his liturgical duties, he achieved a great reputation as a poet. His florid and complex Spanish style, characterized by Latinate grammatical constructions and the introduction of words taken from Latin and Greek, founded a tradition in Spanish literature known as Gongorism. In 1617 he was appointed a royal chaplain and moved to Madrid, but the position yielded an inadequate income, and he moved back to Córdoba. There he died in 1627 while at work on an edition of his poems.
   Góngora produced poetry in a variety of genres. Most of it received favorable notice, though his attempts at writing drama were failures. His ambition was to reshape Spanish into a literary medium comparable to the classical languages, a goal reflected in the title of his works published shortly after his death, in which he is called "the Spanish Homer." Perhaps his most famous poem is La fábula de Polifemo y Galatea, a pastoral based on Ovid's Metamorphoses, parodying not only its classical source and the Italian poet Petrarch but even Góngora's own style.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Góngora y Argote, Luis de — ▪ Spanish poet born July 11, 1561, Córdoba, Spain died May 23, 1627, Córdoba  one of the most influential Spanish poets of his era. His Baroque, convoluted style, known as Gongorism (gongorismo), was so exaggerated by less gifted imitators that… …   Universalium

  • Góngora (y Argote), Luis de — born July 11, 1561, Córdoba, Spain died May 23, 1627, Córdoba Spanish poet. Very influential in his era, he developed the difficult, complex poetic style that became known as gongorismo; it provoked scorn and enmity from many of his… …   Universalium

  • Góngora y Argote, Luis de — ► (1561 1627) Poeta español del Barroco. Creador y máximo representante del culteranismo. En su obra se distinguen los poemas menores: más de 200 composiciones de arte menor, romances, canciones, etc. Destacan Angélica y Meodoro y Noble desengaño …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Góngora y Argote — Góngora y Argote, Luis de …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Gongŏra y Argōte — Gongŏra y Argōte, Luis de G., geb. 1561 in Cordova, war Anfangs Jurist, trat später in den geistlichen Stand u. wurde Caplan Philipps III.; er st. 1627 in Cordova. Seine Obras (unter denen sich bes. die höchst naiven Volkslieder auszeichnen)… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • Gongora y Argote — Gongōra y Argōte, Luis de, span. Dichter, geb. 11. Juli 1561 zu Córdoba, gest. 23. Mai 1627; dichtete anfangs Lieder und Romanzen im alten Nationalstil, später in gesucht dunklem Stil (estilo culto oder Gongorismus), überladen mit Bildern, den… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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