- Ruling house of the Italian city of Mantua from 1328, first as signori (lords) of the city and from 1433 with the more elegant title of marquis, conferred on Ludovico II (1412-1478) by the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund. By that time, the principality had become a small but relatively powerful state in Lombardy. The most famous member of the dynasty was Francesco II (1466-1519), who became a mercenary captain, or condottiere, in the service of the Republic of Venice and the papacy. His talented wife, Isabella d'Este, administered the principality during his many absences. In 1530 the Emperor Charles V promoted Federico II (1500-1540) to the rank of duke, but the dynasty and the state were frequently overshadowed by imperial power. After the death of the last direct descendant of the ruling family, Vincenzo II, in 1627, the principality declined, becoming involved in an internal dispute between two branches of the dynasty. In 1707 the last Gonzaga duke, Ferdinando Carlo, was exiled and the duchy reverted to the Habsburgs as an imperial fief. During the later 16th century, several members of the family were active in the Catholic reform movement. Elisabetta Gonzaga, a daughter of Federico I, married the duke of Urbino, became a notable patron of literature, and appears as the leading figure in the famous book of Renaissance court manners, The Book of the Courtier, by the Mantuan humanist Baldassare Castiglione.
Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. Charles G. Nauert. 2004.
Look at other dictionaries:
Gonzaga dynasty — Italian dynasty that ruled Mantua 1328–1707 and Montferrat and Casale 1536–1707. Its history began with Luigi I (or Lodovico; 1267–1360), who gained control of Mantua in 1328. Its rulers, many noted as military and political leaders and patrons… … Universalium
dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty … Universalium
Ferdinando Carlo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat — Ferdinando Carlo Duke of Mantua and Montferrat The Duke of Mantua by Rigaud in 1706 Spouse … Wikipedia
Ottoman dynasty — Country Ottoman Empire Titles Sultan Caliph Founder Osman I … Wikipedia
Orontid Dynasty — The Satrapy of Armenia under the Orontid Dynasty. History of Armenia … Wikipedia
Nemanjić dynasty — House of Nemanja Country Serbia: Grand Principality Kingdom Empire Ancestral house Vukanović dynasty Titles Grand Prince (Велики Жупан/Veliki Župan) King of Serbia (Краљ/Kralj) Emperor of Serbia (Tsar, Цар/Car) Founder … Wikipedia
O'Neill dynasty — O Neill Ancestral house Cenél nEógain / Uí Néill Titles High Kings of Ireland Kings of Tara Kings of Ulster Kings of Ailech Kings of Tyrone Sept t … Wikipedia
Ottonian dynasty — Depiction of the Ottonian family tree in a 12th century manuscript. The Ottonian dynasty was a dynasty of Germanic Kings (919 1024), named after its first emperor but also known as the Saxon dynasty after the family s origin. The family itself is … Wikipedia
Cometopuli dynasty — Territory of Bulgaria under the Cometopuli (around 1,000 AD.) The Cometopuli dynasty (Bulgarian: Династия на комитопулите; Byzantine Greek: Κομητόπουλοι) was the last royal dynasty in the First Bulgarian Empire, ruling from ca. 976 until the fall … Wikipedia
Arsacid dynasty of Armenia — Kingdom of Armenia under the Arshakuni Dynasty, 150 History of Armenia … Wikipedia