Machaut, Guillaume de
- (1300-1377)French composer, poet, and priest. He was the most prominent composer in the style known as ars nova / "the new art" that dominated French music in the first half of the 14th century. He began his career as secretary to King John of Bohemia, who was killed in 1346 in the battle of Crécy. He then joined the French royal court and eventually became canon of the cathedral at Rheims. In his own time, Machaut was famous both as a poet and as a musician. Like ars nova music in general, his compositions, even those composed for liturgical use, sounded more secular than the music of the preceding century and were criticized as lascivious and as so complex that the liturgical text was obscured by the music. He wrote both monophonic and polyphonic music, for both secular and religious purposes, using many genres including motets, lais, chansons balladées or virelais, and rondeaux. Machaut was particularly important in the development of the form known as the ballade. Of special significance is his composition of one of the earliest polyphonic musical settings for the Ordinary of the mass, his Messe de Notre Dame, which may have been written for the coronation of King Charles V in 1364.
Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. Charles G. Nauert. 2004.
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Machaut, Guillaume de — (ca. 1300–1377) Machaut was the most prolific and most influential 14th century French poet and composer, setting an example with his narrative dits (narratives with interspersed lyric poems) that was followed by poets both in France and… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
Machaut, Guillaume de — or Guillaume de Machault born с 1300, Machault, France died 1377, Reims French poet and composer. After possibly receiving a university education and taking holy orders, he traveled throughout Europe as secretary to the king of Bohemia. He was… … Universalium
Machaut, Guillaume de — o Guillaume de Machault ( 1300, Machault, Francia–1377, Reims). Poeta y compositor francés. Después de recibir posiblemente una educación universitaria y de tomar los hábitos religiosos, viajó por toda Europa como secretario del rey de Bohemia.… … Enciclopedia Universal
Machaut, Guillaume de — Guglielmo di Machaut … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
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Machaut, Guillaume de — (c. 1300 – before November 1377, Reims?) Highly respected poet who traveled widely as secretary to King John of Bohemia from about 1323 until John’s death at the battle of Crécy on 26 August 1346. Documents thereafter locate him intermittently … Historical dictionary of sacred music
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