Patrizi, Francesco

   Italian Neoplatonic philoso-pher. Born into a family of minor Croatian nobility, he served for a time under an uncle who was captain of a Venetian warship, then studied at Venice and elsewhere before beginning the study of medicine at Padua in 1547. There he studied Greek and discov-ered the writings of Plato and the Renaissance Neoplatonist Mar-silio Ficino, which transformed him into an enthusiastic Platonist. After his father's death he abandoned medicine and spent a quar-ter-century travelling and working in Italy, Cyprus, and Spain. A widely read and learned man, he became a noted polymath and wrote books on many topics, including history, literary theory, and warfare, sometimes in Latin but usually in Italian. In 1571 his Dis-quisitiones peripateticae /Inquiries into Peripatetic Philosophy at-tacked the philosophy of Aristotle and his modern disciples and upheld the superiority of Plato.
   In 1577-1578 the University of Ferrara appointed Patrizi to the first chair of Platonic philosophy in any European university. In 1592 he moved to the University of Rome, again with the title of professor of Platonic philosophy. His major publication, Nova de universis philosophia /A New Philosophy of Universes (1591), was an encyclo-pedic presentation of philosophical and scientific knowledge related to the Platonic tradition, including a determined effort to develop a Platonic natural science to replace traditional Aristotelian science. This work also contended that Platonism was fully compatible with Christianity and that Aristotelian philosophy ultimately led to athe-ism. His book was denounced to the Congregation of the Index on charges of heresy, and after two years of litigation was placed on the Index of Forbidden Books. Neither the papal universty nor any other continued the chair in Platonic philosophy, and traditional scholasti-cism based on Aristotelian principles continued to dominate univer-sity faculties for several centuries.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Patrizi — Patrizi,   Francesco, latinisiert Patricius, italienischer Humanist, * Siena 20. 2. 1413, ✝ Gaeta 1494. Als politischer Reformer in Siena tätig, wurde Patrizi 1457 des Verrats angeklagt, dank seinem Freund Enea Silvio Piccolomini jedoch nur nach… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Francesco Patrizi — Philosophe occidental Renaissance Naissance Cres, 25 avril 1529 Décès Rome, 6 février …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francesco Patrizi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Francesco Patrizi Hubo también un obispo de Gaeta llamado Francesco Patrizi de Siena Francesco Patrizi (Cherso, 25 de abril de 1529 – Roma, 6 de febrero de 1597) fue un filósofo italiano de orientación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Francesco Patrizi da Cherso — Francesco Patrizi da Cherso; umbenannt in Kroatien im 20. Jahrhundert als Frane Petrić oder Franjo Petriš (* 25. April 1529 in Cres; † 6. Februar 1597 in Rom; weitere Schreibweisen: Franciscus Patricius oder Francesco Patritius) war ein Philosoph …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francesco Patrizi — ist der Name folgender Personen: Francesco Patrizi da Cherso (1529 1597), italienischer Philosoph Francesco Patrizi da Siena, auch Franciscus Patricius Senensis (1413 1494), italienischer Philosoph, Humanist und Bischof Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Patrizi — ist der Name von Agostino Patrizi Piccolomini (1435–1495 o. 1496), katholischer Bischof und päpstlicher Zeremonienmeister Costantino Patrizi Naro (1798 1876), italienischer Kardinal Francesco Patrizi da Cherso (1529 1597), italienischer Philosoph …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francesco — may refer to:* Francesco Sforza, (1401 1466), Italian condottiero and Duke of Milan * Francesco Berni, (1497 1536), Italian writer; * Antonio Francesco Grazzini, (1503 1584) Italian writer; * Francesco Primaticcio, 1504 1570) Italian painter,… …   Wikipedia

  • Francesco Burlamacchi — Naissance 27 septembre 1498 Lucques Décès 24  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Patrizi da Cherso —   [ kerso], Francesco, italienischer Philosoph, * auf Cres 1529, ✝ Rom 1597; lehrte 1578 92 in Ferrara, anschließend in Rom. Gegen den ursprünglich von ihm studierten Paduaner Aristotelismus vertrat er platonisierende Ideen. So verstand er die… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Francesco Patrizi of Siena — This page is not about Francesco Patrizi of Siena (1275 1328), nor about Francesco Patrizi of Cherso Francesco Patrizi of Siena (Franciscus Patricius Senensis) (1413 ndash; 1494) was an Italian political writer, humanist and bishop.He acted as… …   Wikipedia

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