Scaliger, Josephus Justus

   French literary and linguistic scholar. The son of an expatriate Italian humanist, Julius Caesar Scaliger, he seems to have believed his father's false claim of descent from the della Scala dynasty that had ruled Verona. He stud-ied at Paris under some of the most famous French scholars of his time, Adrien Turnèbe and Denys Lambin, both of whom became royal readers in Greek, and the legal scholar Jacques Cujas. In 1562 he became a Calvinist, and in 1593 he accepted an appointment to the faculty of the University of Leiden, where he spent the rest of his life. Scaliger's early work as a textual scholar focused on Latin poets such as Catullus, Tibullus, and Propertius, and especially the astronomical poet Manilius. His edition of the surviving fragments of the lexicog-rapher Festus (1575) introduced him to the study of archaic Latin.
   Perhaps because his Protestant faith made him less inclined to spare the works of Christian saints from critical inspection, he proved beyond a doubt (though it was doubted by conservatives) that the treatises of the Christian author known as Dionysius the Areopagite could not possibly be the work of a first-century Athenian philoso-pher converted to Christianity by St. Paul himself, as the medieval church believed, but was an author of the sixth century. Thus he transformed pseudo-Dionysius from a major witness to the beliefs and practices of the apostolic age into a minor and late patristic au-thor whose authority on issues of theology and hierarchical organiza-tion deserved little weight. Scaliger also did important work on his-torical chronology that involved reconciling the various dating systems of ancient societies so that the chronological relationships between those societies could be established accurately.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • SCALIGER, Josephus Justus — (1540–1609)    Scholar and philologist. Scaliger was born in France, the son of Italian hu manist Julius Caesar Scaliger (1484–1558). Josephus converted to Calvinism and took temporary refuge in Geneva, Switzerland, during the wars of religion.… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Scaliger, Julius Caesar — (1484 1558)    Italian humanist, fa ther of Josephus Justus Scaliger. Born Giulio Bordone, the son of a painter of miniatures who settled in Venice, he claimed to be de scended from the della Scala family that had formerly ruled Verona. For a… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • SCALIGER Justus Josephus — fil. prioris, natus Aginni, A. C. 1540. Studiis primo Burdigalae incubuit, dein a Patre ipso eruditus, postmodum Parisios profectus est: ubi sub Adriano Turnebo Graecam linguam, postmodum sine Magistro Hebraeam edoctus, Criticam quoque ad unguem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Julius Caesar Scaliger — or Giulio Cesare della Scala (April 23, 1484 ndash; October 21, 1558), was an Italian scholar and physician spending a large part of his career in France. He employed the techniques and discoveries of Renaissance humanism to defend… …   Wikipedia

  • Leiden University Library — (Leiden, The Netherlands) is a library founded in 1575 in Leiden, the Netherlands. It is regarded as a significant place in the development of European culture: it is a part of a small number of cultural centres that gave direction to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Giulio Cesare Scaligero — Julio César Escalígero. Giulio Cesare Scaligero o della Scala, latinizado Julius Caesar Scaliger y también llamado Julio César Escalígero (Rocca di Riva, Lago de Garda 23 de abril de 1484 Agen, 21 de octubre de 1558), médico, filósofo, botánico y …   Wikipedia Español

  • Скалигер, Жозеф Жюст — Жозеф Жюст (Иосиф Юстус) Скалигер Joseph Juste Scaliger Портрет Жозефа Скалигера кисти Пауля Мерула (Paullus Merula), 3 го библиотекаря Лейденского Университета, 1597. Дата рождения: 5 августа 1540 …   Википедия

  • HEBRAISTS, CHRISTIAN — (1100–1890). Factors governing gentile enterprises in Hebrew scholarship prior to the latest phase of more widespread secular attitudes may be distinguished as (1) motivation; (2) scholarly facilities; and (3) occasion; appreciation and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Festus, Sextus Pompeius — ▪ Latin grammarian flourished 3rd century AD, Narbo, Gaul [now Narbonne, France]       Latin grammarian who made an abridgment in 20 books, arranged alphabetically, of Marcus Verrius Flaccus De significatu verborum (“On the Meaning of Words”), a… …   Universalium

  • Скалигер Жозеф Жюст — (Scaliger) (1540 1609), французский гуманист. Сын Ю. Ц. Скалигера. Гугенот. Комментатор античных текстов. Заложил основы научной хронологии, разработал систему унификации летосчисления. * * * СКАЛИГЕР Жозеф Жюст СКАЛИГЕР (Scaliger) Жозеф Жюст (фр …   Энциклопедический словарь

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