Schongauer, Martin

(born between 1435 and 1450; died 1491)
   Alsatian painter and engraver, trained by his father, a goldsmith of Colmar. He is one of the most important German painters of the late Gothic period. As an apprentice he may have traveled in Spain and the Netherlands, and the obvious influence of Rogier van der Weyden suggests that he spent time in Flanders. He spent most of his career in Colmar but moved in 1489 to Breisach, where he executed a series of frescoes, The Last Judgment (ca. 1489-1491). Other surviving paint-ings include his Orlier Altarpiece (ca. 1465-1470), The Virgin of the Rose Garden (ca. 1473), and The Adoration of the Shepherds (ca. 1480) as well as several smaller paintings, including two representing the Holy Family. He also left a number of pen and ink drawings. From the perspective of modern art historians, however, his most important work is his body of 116 copperplate engravings. These prints made him famous and influenced not only German artists like Hans Burgk-mair and Albrecht Dürer but also Michelangelo and Raphael. The most famous of them was The Temptation of St. Anthony. Schongauer seems to have been the first German artist to sign his engravings, and he signed all 116 of them.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schongauer, Martin — • German painter and engraver, b. at Colmar between 1445 and 1450; d. probably in 1491, it is believed at Breisach Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Schongauer, Martin — born 1445/50, Colmar, Alsace died Feb. 2, 1491, Breisach, Baden German painter and printmaker. Though a prolific painter whose panels were sought in many countries, it was as an engraver that he was unrivaled in northern Europe. His engravings,… …   Universalium

  • Schongauer, Martin — (c. 1435 1491)    German painter and engraver. The son of a goldsmith, Schongauer moved with his family from Augsburg to Colmar in c. 1440, becoming a citizen there in 1445. Twenty years later, he is recorded at the University of Leipzig, though… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Schongauer, Martin — (1445/50, Colmar, Alsacia–2 feb. 1491, Breisach, Baden). Pintor y grabador alemán. Aunque fue un pintor prolífico, cuyos paneles eran requeridos en muchos países, su trabajo como grabador logró un reconocimiento incomparable en el norte de Europa …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Martin Schongauer — Büste Schongauers i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schongauer — Martin Schongauer Martin Schongauer (statue par Bartholdi (1860), à Colmar) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martin Schongauer —     Martin Schongauer     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Martin Schongauer     (Also known as SCHON).     German painter and engraver, b. at Colmar between 1445 and 1450; d. probably in 1491, it is believed at Breisach. He was the son of Caspar… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Schongauer — Schongauer,   Martin, genannt M. Schön, Bel Martino, Beau Martin [bomar tɛ̃], Maler und Kupferstecher, * Colmar um 1450, ✝ Breisach 2. 2. 1491; Sohn des aus einer Augsburger Familie stammenden Goldschmieds Caspar Schongauer (in Colmar nachweisbar …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Schongauer — Schongauer, Martin, Maler und Kupferstecher, wegen der Anmut seiner Schöpfungen Hipsch Martin oder Schön genannt, geboren vor 1450 in Kolmar, bildete sich nach Roger van der Weyden und starb 2. Febr. 1491 in Breisach. Sein Hauptwerk in der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • SCHONGAUER (M.) — SCHONGAUER MARTIN (1435 env. 1491) Peintre et graveur allemand de la seconde moitié du XVe siècle. La date de naissance de Schongauer est inconnue et a donné lieu à de longues discussions; on s’accorde aujourd’hui assez généralement à penser… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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