- (1554-1586)English poet and soldier, the eldest child of an aristocratic family, brother of Robert Sidney, earl of Leicester, and of the writer Mary Sidney. He was educated at Christ Church, Oxford, where he received an excellent humanistic educa-tion. After this study, he travelled on the Continent, and while in Paris he witnessed the infamous St. Bartholomew's Day massacre of French Protestants in 1572. Sidney also visited Italy, Germany, Bo-hemia, Poland, and the Netherlands. Queen Elizabeth I regarded him as such a valuable member of her court that she limited the length of his foreign sojourn. In 1578 he wrote a masque, The Lady of May, in which the queen herself played the leading role. His public letter (1579) to the queen urging her not to marry the duke of Alençon, one of her foreign suitors, angered her, and he may have been banished from court for a time. But in 1583 Sidney was knighted. He married a daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham, one of the most powerful po-litical figures in England. In order to prevent him from joining an ex-pedition to the New World planned by Sir Francis Drake, the queen appointed him governor of the city of Flushing in the Netherlands, which the English occupied militarily. Two years later he was killed in battle with Spanish troops. He was hailed as a hero and received an elaborate funeral in London.Three of Sidney's writings had great influence. The Defence of Po-etry (1585) defends the value of the poetic imagination and is strongly influenced by Platonism. This work presents the author's own survey of earlier English literature and urges English poets to create in their own language a literature equal to that of the ancient Greeks and Romans. His second major work is the pastoral romance The Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia, written about 1580 for his sis-ter Mary and published posthumously in 1590. It was influenced by earlier Arcadian works by Jacopo Sannazaro and Jorge de Montemayor. Also posthumous was his collection of sonnets, Astrophel and Stella (written 1580-1584 but unpublished until a pirated edition appeared in 1591). Sidney also began the English translation of the Psalms completed by his sister. The biography written by his friend and fellow poet Fulke Greville presents him as a heroic figure and even as a sort of Protestant martyr, since his death in battle occurred as part of England's resistance to the greatest Catholic power of the century, the Spain of Philip II.
Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. Charles G. Nauert. 2004.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sidney, Philip — ► (1554 86) Cortesano, diplomático y militar inglés. Autor de la novela pastoril y caballeresca Arcadia (1590) … Enciclopedia Universal
Philip Sidney — Philip Sidney. Sir Philip Sidney (30 de noviembre de 1554 † 17 de octubre de 1586), fue una de las figuras más prominentes de la época isabelina inglesa. Modelo de hombre renacentista y famoso en su día en Inglaterra como escritor, cortesano y… … Wikipedia Español
Sidney — Sidney, Algernon Sidney, Philip (Sydney) ► C. del SE de Australia, cap. del estado de Nueva Gales del Sur, abierta al océano Pacífico, primera ciudad del país; 3 538 970 h. Dos grandes puentes unen la c. con la orilla N de la bahía. Puerto… … Enciclopedia Universal
Philip Sidney — [Philip Sidney] (1554–86) an English ↑poet and soldier who is considered one of the greatest Englishmen of the ↑Elizabethan period. His best known works are Arcadia (1590) and Astrophel and Stella (1591 … Useful english dictionary
Philip Sidney — Sir Philip Sidney (November 30, 1554 ndash; October 17, 1586) became one of the Elizabethan Age s most prominent figures. Famous in his day in England as a poet, courtier and soldier, he remains known as the author of Astrophil and Stella (1581,… … Wikipedia
Sidney (surname) — For the origin and usage of the name Sidney, see Sidney (name origin) Sidney as a surname may be*Algernon Sidney, republican under Charles II *Donald Sidney Fryer, American poet *George Sidney, American film director *Henry Sidney (1529 1586),… … Wikipedia
Philip Sidney — Sir Philip Sidney (* 30. November 1554 in Penshurst, Kent; † 17. Oktober 1586 in Arnheim) war ein englischer Staatsmann, Soldat und Schriftsteller. Er war einer der ersten bedeutenden Autoren von englischer … Deutsch Wikipedia
Philip Sidney (disambiguation) — Philip Sidney may refer to:* Philip Sidney (1554 1586), poet, courtier and soldier * Philip Sidney, 1st Baron De L Isle and Dudley (1800 1851), British Tory politician * Philip Sidney, 2nd Viscount De L Isle (born 1945), British peer and former… … Wikipedia
Philip Rose (theatrical producer) — Philip Rose (born July 4, 1921 in New York) is a Broadway theatrical producer of such productions as A Raisin in the Sun , The Owl and the Pussycat , Does a Tiger Wear a Necktie? , Purlie , and Shenandoah . His work is particularly notable for… … Wikipedia
Philip S. Post — Philip Sidney Post Born March 19, 1833(1833 03 19) Florida, New York Died January 6, 1895(1895 01 06) (aged 61) Place of burial … Wikipedia