# Tartaglia, Niccolô

- (Niccolô Fontana, 1499-1557)Italian physicist and mathematician. He grew up at Brescia, where at age 12 he suffered the facial wounds that made him a stammerer (the mean-ing of
*Tartaglia*) during French pillaging of the city. His father's early death left him in great poverty, but his love of mathematics and de-termination to learn enabled him to get an education. He worked as a teacher of*abaco*(commercial arithmetic) at Verona from about 1516 until 1534, when he moved to**Venice**to teach mathematics. Tartaglia was a close student of the Latin translations of ancient**Greek**math-ematical authors and edited several of them. His*Opera Archimedis*/*Works of Archimedes*(1543), which reprints the medieval translations made by a pupil of Thomas Aquinas, William of Moerbeke, included*On Floating Bodies*, which was a major influence on the criticism of**Aristotelian**physics. From this tract, Tartaglia himself derived the hydrostatic principles underlying his treatise on the raising of sunken vessels,*Travagliata inventione*/*A Hard-won Discovery*(1551) as well as his posthumously published table of specific gravities. His Ital-ian translation of Euclid's*Elements*(1543) was the first translation of this fundamental geometrical text into any European vernacular. Other works include*Nova scientia*/*New Science*(1537), a treatise on me-chanics which advances an influential theorem defining the proper ele-vation (45 degrees) for attaining the maximum range for a cannon and which also shows some significant departures from Aristotelian physics;*Quesiti e inventioni diverse*/*Various Questions and Inventions*(1546); and his last work,*General trattato di numeri e misure*/*General Treatise on Numbers and Measures*(1556), a survey of pure and applied mathematics. Tartaglia's greatest single mathematical discovery, the so-lution for cubic equations, was made at**Verona**. This discovery led to a quarrel with**Girolamo Cardano**, who published it in 1545 (without Tartaglia's permission, but giving him credit) after Tartaglia had divulged it to him in secret.

*Historical Dictionary of Renaissance.
Charles G. Nauert.
2004.*

### Look at other dictionaries:

**TARTAGLIA, Niccolo**— (c. 1500 1557) A significant contributor to sixteenth century mathematical scholarship, Nic colo Tartaglia was born into an impoverished family, possibly surnamed Fontana, of Brescia in northern Italy. From his very early years, his life was a… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary**Tartaglia , Niccoló**— (1500–1557) Italian mathematician, topographer, and military scientist Tartaglia was born Niccoló Fontana but as a boy he suffered a saber wound to his face during the French sack of Brescia (1512), his native city; this left him with a speech… … Scientists**Tartaglia, Niccolò Fontana**— ▪ Italian mathematician Tartaglia also spelled Tartalea born 1499, Brescia, republic of Venice [Italy] died Dec. 13, 1557, Venice Italian mathematician who originated the science of ballistics. During the French sack of Brescia… … Universalium**Tartaglia, Niccolò Fontana, llamado**— ► (1500 77) Matemático italiano. Se le debe la resolución algebraica de la ecuación de tercer grado y la aplicación de las matemáticas a la artillería … Enciclopedia Universal**Tartaglia**— Niccoló … Scientists**Niccolo Fontana**— Tartaglia Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia [nik:o lɔ fon ta:na tar ta:ʎ:a] (* 1499 oder 1500 in Brescia, Italien; † 13. Dezember 1557 in Venedig) war ein venetianischer Politiker und Mathematiker … Deutsch Wikipedia**Niccolo Fontana Tartaglia**— Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia [nik:o lɔ fon ta:na tar ta:ʎ:a] (* 1499 oder 1500 in Brescia, Italien; † 13. Dezember 1557 in Venedig) war ein venetianischer Politiker und Mathematiker … Deutsch Wikipedia**Niccolo Tartaglia**— Niccolo Fontana Tartaglia Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia [nik:o lɔ fon ta:na tar ta:ʎ:a] (* 1499 oder 1500 in Brescia, Italien; † 13. Dezember 1557 in Venedig) war ein venetianischer Politiker und Mathematiker … Deutsch Wikipedia**Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia**— Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia. Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia (1499/1500, Brescia – 13 December 1557, Venice) was a mathematician, an engineer (designing fortifications), a surveyor (of topography, seeking the best means of defense or offense) and a… … Wikipedia**Niccolo Tartaglia**— Niccolo Fontana Tartaglia Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia Niccolò Fontana dit Tartaglia (« Le Bègue »), né à Brescia en 1499 et décédé à Venise en 1557, est un mathématicien italien. Niccolò Fontana est issu d une famille pauvre. Lors de la… … Wikipédia en Français