Villani, Giovanni, Matteo, and Filippo
- Florentine mercantile family, known principally for their description of Florence on the eve of the period when it became a major center of Renaissance humanism. Giovanni (ca. 1275-1348) travelled to Rome for the pa-pal jubilee in 1300 and after seeing the ruinous ancient capital de-clared that Rome, the old metropolis, was sinking while his city, Flo-rence, was rising. Confident of the great destiny lying before Florence, he undertook to write its history, beginning, in good medieval fashion, with the Tower of Babel and providing a largely uncritical account un-til he got to his own times, which he described with shrewd insight into the civic life he knew from personal experience. Giovanni served three terms as one of the priors and held several significant adminis-trative jobs. He also endured a period of exile. As an experienced busi-nessman who had travelled in France and Flanders in 1302-1308 and had worked as manager of the Peruzzi bank's branch at Bruges, he had an interest in numbers that led him to include not only his famous estimate of the number of students in Florence but also much other statistical information on population, food consumption, cloth pro-duction, public works, and churches. Modern research has in general found these estimates remarkably accurate. Giovanni died in the Black Death of 1348. His brother Matteo continued the history of Florence down to 1363, when he also died of plague, and Matteo's son Filippo added one book covering one additional year.Giovanni's description of the large number of boys and girls at-tending school in the city (between 8,000 and 10,000 in vernacular schools and 550 to 600 boys learning Latin grammar) is often cited, both as an indication of widespread literacy and as evidence of the more restricted availability of Latin education. Filippo Villani, who was one of the city's early humanists and served as chancellor of the commune of Perugia and as lecturer on Dante in the Florentine Stu-dio (1401-1404), is also known for his work Famous Citizens of the City of Florence, a collection of biographical sketches of local citi-zens, written in Latin.
Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. Charles G. Nauert. 2004.
Look at other dictionaries:
Villani, Giovanni — ▪ Italian historian born c. 1275, , Florence died 1348, Florence Italian chronicler whose European attitude to history foreshadowed Humanism. In 1300 Villani became a partner in the banking firm of Peruzzi, for which he travelled to… … Universalium
Giovanni Villani — Giovanni Villani † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Giovanni Villani Florentine historian, b. about 1276; d. of the plague in 1348. Descended from a wealthy family of merchants, he devoted the whole of his life to commerce, being a member of… … Catholic encyclopedia
Giovanni Villani — Infobox Person name = Giovanni Villani image size = 220px caption = Statue of Giovanni Villani in the Loggia del Mercato Nuovo. birth date = c. 1276 or 1280 birth place = Florence death date = 1348 death place = Florence occupation = Banker,… … Wikipedia
Filippo Villani — (fl. end of the 14th and the beginning of the 15th century) was a chonicler of Florence. Son of the chronicler Matteo Villani, he extended the original Nuova Cronica of his uncle Giovanni Villani down to 1382. CareerFilippo Villani held a chair… … Wikipedia
art criticism — Description, interpretation, and evaluation of works of art, manifested in journal reviews, books, and patronage. Art criticism encompasses a wide variety of approaches, from critical commentary to more subjective emotional reactions inspired by… … Universalium
1339 — Années : 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 1341 1342 Décennies : 1300 1310 1320 1330 1340 1350 1360 Siècles : XIIIe siècle XIVe … Wikipédia en Français
Italian literature — is literature written in the Italian language, particularly within Italy. It may also refer to literature written by Italians or in Italy in other languages spoken in Italy, often languages that are closely related to modern Italian. Early… … Wikipedia
Italian literature — Introduction the body of written works produced in the Italian language that had its beginnings in the 13th century. Until that time nearly all literary work composed in the Middle Ages was written in Latin. Moreover, it was predominantly… … Universalium
Liste der Biografien/Vi — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q … Deutsch Wikipedia
Italian Literature — • The modern language of Italy is naturally derived from Latin, a continuation and development of the Latin actually spoken among the inhabitants of the peninsula after the downfall of the Roman Empire Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… … Catholic encyclopedia