Zwingli, Huldrych

   Swiss religious reformer, the first major figure of the Reformed (later often called Calvinist) branch of Protestantism. Although he primarily figures in history as a leader of the Reformation in Zürich and as the first systematic de-fender of the Sacramentarian doctrine of the Eucharist, Zwingli be-gan his career as a young priest who was attracted to humanism. He studied classical languages at Bern (1496-1498) and then pursued traditional scholastic subjects at the University of Basel (B.A. 1504, M.A. 1506). When he moved from Basel to become pastor at Glarus, he continued his study of Greek language and the Church Fathers, and these interests led him to the study of the Bible and into the cir-cle of young Swiss admirers of the biblical humanist Erasmus.
   Zwingli matured as a preacher at Glarus and the great pilgrimage center at Einsiedeln, and when he moved to Zürich as the city's prin-cipal preacher in 1519, he cast aside the liturgical calendar of Scrip-ture readings and began preaching chapter by chapter through the Gospel of St. Matthew. His early preaching was inspired by Erasmus' biblical scholarship and conception of religion as the "philosophy of Christ," but his sermons increasingly reflected Lutheran influence, more than Zwingli ever acknowledged or even realized, though he honored Luther as a great religious leader. At Zürich, Zwingli moved from a reform-minded humanism to an evangelical or Protestant per-spective. He led the city in its sharp break away from traditional Catholic doctrine and religious practice and then worked to spread his ideas through the rest of Switzerland, an effort that generated con-flict with those Swiss cantons that remained firmly Catholic, giving rise to a civil war that in 1531 led to his death in battle.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

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  • Zwingli, Huldrych — born Jan. 1, 1484, Wildhaus in the Toggenburg, Sankt Gallen, Switz. died Oct. 11, 1531, near Kappel Major reformer in the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland. Educated in Vienna and Basel, he was ordained a priest in 1506. An admirer of Erasmus …   Universalium

  • ZWINGLI, Huldrych — (1484 1531) Huldrych Zwingli was a Reformation theologian who oversaw Zurich s break with Rome and developed the notion of the spiritual, rather than the actual, presence of Christ in the Eucharist. Zwingli, of peasant stock, received his mas­ter …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Zwingli, Huldrych (Ulrich) — (1 January 1484, Wildhaus, Switzerland – 11 October 1531, Cappel)    Protestant reformer who, despite extraordinary musical gifts, believed liturgical music to be an obstacle to faith and excluded it entirely from his revised liturgy Aktion… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Huldrych Zwingli — Huldrych (or Ulrich [Harvnb|Potter|1976|p=1. According to Potter, Huldrych was the spelling Zwingli preferred. However, Potter uses Ulrich , while Gäbler, Stephens, and Furcha uses Huldrych . His signature at the Marburg Colloquy was the… …   Wikipedia

  • ZWINGLI (H.) — Zwingli est un personnage complexe et multidimensionnel. Humaniste et autodidacte, penseur religieux et réformateur, patriote et figure nationale suisse – certains ajoutent prophète biblique –, il est tout cela en une personne, dont la vie et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Zwingli — I Zwịngli,   Ulrich (Huldrych), schweizerischer Reformator, * Wildhaus (Kanton Sankt Gallen) 1. 1. 1484, ✝ (gefallen) bei Kappel am Albis 11. 10. 1531. Zwingli war nach dem Studium der freien Künste und der scholastischen Theologie (Via antiqua) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Zwingli und Calvin —   Der Südwesten des deutschen Sprachgebiets zeichnete sich vor dem Ursprungsgebiet der Reformation durch eine stärkere Bindung an den Humanismus und einen deutlichen kulturellen Vorsprung aus: Selbstbewusstsein und Mitwirkungsrechte der Laien… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Zwingli und Calvin: Schweizer Reformatoren —   Huldrych Zwingli (1484 1531) und Johannes Calvin (1509 64) waren die Reformatoren der Schweizer Eidgenossenschaft. Darüber hinaus begründeten sie eine Konfession, die sich, anders als das Luthertum, zur Wirksamkeit in der Welt und zur… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Zwingli — (Ulrich ou Huldrych) (1484 1531) humaniste et réformateur suisse. Prêtre, il adhéra v. 1520 à la Réforme, qu il propagea, notam. à Zurich: De vera et falsa religione commentarius (1525). Voulant un gouvernement théocratique de la Suisse (fidèle à …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Huldrych Zwingli — Zeitgenössisches Porträt von Ulrich Zwingli. Ulrich Zwingli, früher auch Huldreych Zwingli oder Huldreich Zwingli genannt, (* 1. Januar 1484 in Wildhaus; † 11. Oktober 1531 in Kappel am Albis) ist der Zürcher Reformator. Aus der Zürcher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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