Bosch, Hieronymus

(ca. 1450-1516)
   Dutch painter, born at 's Hertogenbosch. The son of a painter, he seems to have spent his whole life in 's Hertogenbosch, though some art historians find evidence of a trip to Italy. Details of his life are scarce. Even his date of birth is little more than a guess; he was reputed to be an old man when he died in 1516. Much of his work continues the "Flemish style" of late Gothic painting that flourished in the southern Netherlands and northern France throughout the 15th century. His talent was recognized in his own lifetime, and he attracted the patronage of aristocrats and higher clergy and became a wealthy man. Many of his works treat the life of Christ and the saints or present moral allegories, for example Christ Carrying the Cross and St. John on Patmos.
   But Bosch's subsequent fame rested on other paintings that presented moral allegories in an irrational and hallucinatory form, deeply laden with sensual and sexual images that seem to depict human beings as enslaved to their bodily appetites and offer no hint of redemption. The images are so strange that some art historians interpret them as evidence of his membership in a secret heretical sect. In any case, there is a jarring discord between the beauty of the works and the strange monsters and repulsive actions depicted. Two famous examples of this genre of painting are The Last Judgment and The Garden of Earthly Delights. Their meaning remains uncertain, but his work attracted attention and found a market. In the late 16th century, both Philip II of Spain and his cousin the Emperor Rudolf II admired and collected Bosch's works.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bosch,Hieronymus — Bosch (bŏsh, bôsh, bôs), Hieronymus. 1450? 1516. Dutch painter whose largely religious works are characterized by grotesque, fantastic creatures mingling with human figures. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bosch, Hiëronymus — ▪ Flemish painter also spelled  Jheronimus Bos,  pseudonym of  Jerome Van Aeken,  also spelled  Aquen, or Aken,  also called  Jeroen Anthoniszoon  born c. 1450, , s Hertogenbosch, Brabant [now in The Netherlands] died Aug. 9, 1516, s… …   Universalium

  • Bosch, Hieronymus — (1450 1516)    Flemish master whose unique style has earned him placement among the most inventive painters in history. Bosch s lack of interest in the rendition of realistic forms and choice of bizarre themes have fascinated art historians who… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Bosch, Hieronymus — (c1450 1516 Hertogen bosch) (Netherlands)    aka Bosch van Aeken    Painter. A major figure in Northern Renaissance art, his fantasy visions while not unique, certainly stand out as unusually imaginative for his era. Various interpretations have… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Bosch, Hieronymus —  (c. 1450–1516) Dutch painter, born Hieronymus van Aken …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Bosch, Hieronymus — soprannome di Van Aeken, Jeroen …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Bosch, Hieronymus van Aken — ► (1450? 1516) Pintor holandés, llamado en España el Bosco. Su obra, de gran crudeza realista y dramática, presenta un notable testimonio del ambiente de su época. Muchos de sus elementos simbólicos representan tradiciones populares y leyendas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hieronymus Bosch — Attributed to Jacques Le Boucq, Portrait of Hieronymus Bosch. c. 1550 Birth name Jeroen Anthoniszoon van Aken Born …   Wikipedia

  • Bosch — Bosch, Andrés Bosch, Hieronymus van Aken Bosch, Juan Bosch, Karl * * * (as used in expressions) Bosch, Hië ronymus Bosch (Gaviño), Juan Haber Bosch, proceso de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bosch [2] — Bosch, Hieronymus de, niederländ. Philolog, geb. 23. März 1740 zu Amsterdam, gest. 1. Juni 1811 als Kurator der Universität Leiden, gab heraus: »Anthologia Graeca« (4 Bde., 1795 1810; Bd. 5 von van Lennep, 1822); auch vorzüglicher lat. Dichter …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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