Bracciolini, Poggio

   Florentine humanist. A provincial by birth, he settled in Florence shortly before 1400 and became a professional notary. He is commonly regarded as the principal creator of the elegant humanistic script that became the common hand for classical manuscripts in the Renaissance and later was the model for all typographical fonts known as roman. Between 1404 and 1453, Poggio was employed at the papal curia in Rome, eventually rising to the influential position of apostolic secretary. He always regarded himself as a Florentine, however, and he was known to contemporaries as Poggius Florentinus. In 1453 he became chancellor of the Florentine republic, a position previously held by such prominent humanists as Coluccio Salutati and Leonardo Bruni.
   During his attendance at the Council of Constance, Poggio visited many northern monastic libraries in search of unknown classical works and made a number of important discoveries, including the Familiar Letters and several orations by Cicero, nine comedies of Plautus, the De rerum natura of Lucretius, and the Institutio oratoria of Quintilian. Quintilian's Institutio had a great influence on subsequent humanistic conceptions of Latin style, rhetoric, and education. Poggio was probably the most successful of all the Italian humanists of his time in finding lost works of Latin literature. He also produced original works, including many letters to humanist friends (notably a sympathetic account of the execution of the Hussite leader Jerome of Prague at the Council of Constance), and a collection of humorous tales, the Facetiae, often cynical and anticlerical in tone. Though it scandalized many people, this collection circulated widely. He also wrote an influential description of the city of Rome and a history of Florence, continuing the work of Leonardo Bruni. Although Poggio wrote a literate, supple, and correct Latin style, it did not measure up to the more rigorously classical standards of the mid-15th century. In later life he found his literary reputation and his scholarly standards challenged by ambitious younger rivals. This generational rivalry led to a number of bitter literary conflicts, notably with Lorenzo Valla.

Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. . 2004.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bracciolini, Poggio — (1380 1459)    Italian humanist, Latinist, and collector of ancient art and manuscripts. Poggio Bracciolini belonged to the circle of the humanist Chancellor Coluccio Salutati in Florence, where he developed a keen interest in the recovery of… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Poggio Bracciolini — Gianfrancesco (oder Giovanni Francesco) Poggio Bracciolini (* 11. Februar 1380 bei Arezzo; † 30. Oktober 1459 in Florenz) war einer der wichtigsten Humanisten der italienischen Renaissance. Poggio Bracciolini Er studierte in Florenz und ging um… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poggio Bracciolini —     Giovanni Francesco Poggio Bracciolini     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Giovanni Francesco Poggio Bracciolini     An Italian humanist and historian; born at Terranuova, near Arezzo, in 1380; died at Florence, 10 Oct., 1459. He studied at Florence …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Poggio Bracciolini —   [ pɔddʒo brattʃo liːni], Gian Francesco, italienischer Humanist, * Terranuova (bei Arezzo) 11. 2. 1380, ✝ Florenz 30. 10. 1459; seit 1403 in Rom, zunächst Schreiber, dann Sekretär der päpstlichen Kurie, blieb in diesem Amt (abgesehen von einem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Poggio Bracciolini — Poggio Bracciolini. Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini (Terranuova, cerca de Arezzo, 1380 – Florencia, 10 de octubre 1459) fue un humanista italiano. Estudió en Florencia y vino a Roma alrededor del año 1402. El papa Bonifacio IX …   Wikipedia Español

  • Poggio — ist die italienische Bezeichnung für eine Anhöhe und als solche Ortsnamensbestandteil von: Poggio (Marciana), Ort in der Provinz Livorno im Westen der Insel Elba Poggio a Caiano, Gemeinde in der Provinz Prato, Toskana Poggio Berni, Gemeinde in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poggio — Poggio, an Italian word meaning ‘knoll’, may refer to an Italian placename: * Poggio, a frazione of the Commune of Castello di Annone in the Province of Asti, Piedmont *Poggio a Caiano, a commune in the Province of Prato, Tuscany, and the site of …   Wikipedia

  • Poggio Bracciolīni — (spr. poddscho brattscho ), Gian Francesco, Humanist, geb. 11. Febr. 1380 im Kastell Terranuova bei Florenz, gest. 30. Okt. 1459 in Florenz, trat 1403 als Sekretär in den Dienst der päpstlichen Kurie, begleitete Johann XXIII. zum Konzil von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bracciolini — ist der Name von Francesco Bracciolini (1566–1646) italienischer Dichter Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini (1380–1459) Humanist der italienischen Renaissance Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung meh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poggio Bracciolini — Poggio Bracciolīni (spr. poddscho brattscho ), ital. Humanist, geb. 1380 zu Terranuova bei Florenz, gest. 13. Okt. 1459; bekannt sein »Liber facetiarum« (1470) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.