- (1443/4-1514)Italian artist, known principally as an architect. He originally worked at Urbino and Milan as a painter, but his service to the duke of Milan led to involvement in architectural work, beginning perhaps with paintings and drawings of buildings. By the early 1480s he had become an architect for the ruler's building projects. After the collapse of Sforza rule at Milan, he entered papal service at Rome, where his design of the small structure known as the Tempietto (1502) marked his emergence as the leading architect of the High Renaissance style. Bramante was also influenced by the architectural drawings of his friend Leonardo da Vinci.His success with the Tempietto led to his appointment as chief architect to Pope Julius II. His first project was a plan for the extensive remodeling of the papal palace, but the most significant assignment of his career was to design the new St. Peter's basilica. In 1506 Bramante proposed a gigantic centrally planned building topped by a great dome on pendentives, with four identical façades. It was inspired not only by ancient Roman architectural theory but also by the ancient Roman Pantheon and by the sixth-century basilica of Haghia Sophia at Constantinople. Later papal architects, especially Michelangelo and Carlo Maderno, greatly modified his plan. Yet the mature Renaissance architectural style was created by Bramante, and later Renaissance architectural theorists, such as Giorgio Vasari, referred to him when they wanted to demonstrate architectural perfection.
Historical Dictionary of Renaissance. Charles G. Nauert. 2004.
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Bramante, Donato — • Italian architect and painter, b. about 1444 at Monte Asdrualdo; d. in Rome, 11 March, 1514 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Bramante, Donato — (Donato di Pascuccio; 1444 1514). The leading architect of the High Renaissance. Bramante trained as a painter, probably with Piero della Francesca or Andrea Mantegna. His career as architect began in Milan where, alongside Leonardo da Vinci,… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Bramante, Donato — born 1444, probably at Monte Asdruvaldo, Duchy of Urbino died April 11, 1514, Rome Italian architect and perspectivist painter. The son of a farmer, he was working as a painter by 1477. His early architectural works included the church of Santa… … Universalium
BRAMANTE, Donato — (1444 1514) Donato Bramante is considered the first High Renaissance architect in Rome because his classical style shifted from the more general use of classical references characteristic of the Early Renaissance to a more specific and… … Historical Dictionary of Architecture
Bramante, Donato — (1444, probablemente en Monte Asdruvaldo, ducado de Urbino–11 abr. 1514, Roma). Arquitecto y pintor perspectivista italiano. Hijo de un granjero, en 1477 ya trabajaba como pintor. Sus primeros trabajos arquitectónicos son la iglesia de Santa… … Enciclopedia Universal
Bramante,Donato — Bra·man·te (brə mänʹtā, brä mänʹtĕ), Donato. 1444 1514. Italian architect who evolved the style known as High Renaissance. He provided the original central plan for the new Saint Peter s Basilica (begun in 1506). * * * … Universalium
BRAMANTE, DONATO — architect; laid the foundation of St. Peter s at Rome, which he did not live to complete (1444 1514) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
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Donato d'Angelo Lazzari — Bramante in Raffaels Fresko Schule von Athen Büste des Bramante im Park der Villa Medici in Rom Bramante (Donato Brama … Deutsch Wikipedia